Love, Passion and Patriotism: Sexuality and the Philippine Propaganda Movement, 1882-1892



Author: Raquel A.G. Reyes

Love, Passion, and Patriotism is an intimate account of the lives and experiences of a renowned group of young Filipino patriots whose propaganda campaign was a catalyst for the country's revolt against Spain. Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Garciano Lopez Jaena, and the brothers Juan and Antonio Luna were talented writers, artists and scientist who resided in Europe during the 1880s and 1890s. As expatriates, they lived outside the social constraints of their own society and were eager to explore all that Europe had to offer. Provoked by racism and allegations effeminacy and childishness, they displayed their manliness and urbanity through fashionable European dress, careful grooming and deportment, and demonstrated their courage and virility through fencing, pistol-shooting and dueling.

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